Few oligo-amenorrheic athletes have vasomotor symptoms
2000 (English)In: Maturitas, ISSN 0378-5122, Vol. 34, no 3, 219-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To assess whether women with athletic oligo-amenorrhea have vasomotor symptoms. Material and methods: A mailed questionnaire was sent to 252 female athletes about vasomotor symptoms. Identical questions were also mailed to 1523 peri- and postmenopausal women. Results: The prevalence of vasomotor symptoms was low in female athletes with oligo- and amenorrhea and similar to that found in athletes with regular menstruations. The prevalence was significantly lower than in menopausal women. Although more than a third of the menopausal women had hormone replacement therapy, 30% of them still had vasomotor symptoms at least every week compared with only 2% of the oligo-amenorrheic athletes. Conclusion: Vasomotor symptoms are very uncommon in oligo-amenorrheic athletes, although many of them are hypoestrogenic. It was suggested that one factor contributing to these symptoms around menopause is low hypothalamic activity of ▀-endorphins, which makes the thermoregulatory centre labile. On the other hand, supraphysiological activity in hypothalamic ▀-endorphins may cause the oligo-amenorrhea in athletes, but may stabilise the thermoregulatory centre and thus prevent hot flushes. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 34, no 3, 219-225 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25942DOI: 10.1016/S0378-5122(99)00115-2Local ID: 10388OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25942DiVA: diva2:246490