Mechanical manipulation of polymorphonuclear leukocyte plasma membranes with optical tweezers causes influx of extracellular calcium through membrane channels
1999 (English)In: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, ISSN 0140-0118, E-ISSN 1741-0444, Vol. 37, no 3, 410-412 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Optical tweezers are used mechanically to manipulate the plasma membrane of polymophonuclear leukocytes attached to the bottom of a glass manipulation chamber. The laser trapping beam is dragged across the membrane of cells in calcium-containing and calcium-depleted extracellular medium. This treatment causes a significant rise in the intracellular calcium concentration compared with controls, in cells in calcium-containing medium (239.8±49.0% against 75.4±16.4%, respectively), but not in cells in calcium-depeleted medium (69.1±9.6% against 83.4±18.5%, respectively), indicating that the calcium rise is caused by an influx of calcium from the environment. The rise in calcium concentration is blocked (23.5±7.1% against 17.1±4.1%, respectively) by the addition of lansoprazole, indicating that the influx is not due to unspecific membrane damage caused by the mechanical manipulation of the cell. It can therefore be concluded that mechanical manipulation of the neutrophil membrane, in the piconewton force range exerted by the optical tweezer, does not damage the plasma membrane but stimulates a mechanically inducible, membrane channel-mediated influx of extracellular calcium.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 37, no 3, 410-412 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25955DOI: 10.1007/BF02513321Local ID: 10403OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25955DiVA: diva2:246503