Particles binding β2-integrins mediate intracellular production of oxidative metabolites in human neutrophils independently of phagocytosis
1999 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Cell Research, ISSN 0167-4889, Vol. 1452, no 2, 133-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Complement-opsonised particles are readily ingested by human neutrophils through a complement receptor-mediated process leading to phagolysosome fusion and production of oxidative metabolites. To investigate the complement receptor 3 (CR3)-associated signal system involved, cells were challenged with protein A-positive, heat-killed Staphylococcus aureus to which antibodies with specificity for the subunits of the β2-integrins, i.e. anti-CD11b (the α subunit of CR3) and anti-CD18 (the β subunit of CR3), were bound through their Fc moiety. Despite not being ingested by the neutrophils, the surface associated anti-CD18- and anti-CD11b-coated particles were able to activate the neutrophil NADPH-oxidase. Also anti-CD11a- (the α subunit of LFA-1) and to a lesser extent anti-CD11c- (the α subunit of CR4) coated particles were able to trigger the NADPH-oxidase. The NADPH-oxidase was activated without extracellular release of reactive oxygen species. The activity was inhibited by cytochalasin B, suggesting a necessary role for the cytoskeleton in the signalling pathway that activates the oxidase. We show that particle-mediated cross-linking of β2-integrins on the neutrophil surface initiates a signalling cascade, involving cytoskeletal rearrangements, leading to an activation of the NADPH-oxidase without phagosome formation or extracellular release of reactive oxygen species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 1452, no 2, 133-144 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26025DOI: 10.1016/S0167-4889(99)00123-8Local ID: 10478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26025DiVA: diva2:246573