The influence of plasma proteins and platelets on oxygen radical production and F-actin distribution in neutrophils adhering to polymer surfaces
2002 (English)In: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, Vol. 23, no 8, 1785-1795 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is well known that blood cell interactions with artificial surfaces might have deleterious effects on host tissue, however, the mechanisms involved are far from understood. In this study, neutrophil-platelet interaction on uncoated or protein-coated polymer surfaces was investigated. Cell spreading, reorganization of actin filaments and release of oxygen metabolites (measured as luminol-amplified chemiluminescence) were used as criteria for cell activation on positively charged, hydrophilic 1,2-diaminocyclohexane, and negatively charged, hydrophobic hexamethylene-disiloxane. The model surfaces were made by radio frequency plasma discharge polymerization. Neutrophil contact with the uncoated polymers induced a prolonged generation of oxygen radicals. Precoating of the polymer surfaces with human serum albumin (HSA) or fibrinogen, markedly reduced neutrophil activation, whereas coating with human immunoglobulin G (IgG), a well-known opsonin, resulted in significantly higher levels of cell activation. Consequently, protein coating overruled the activating effects of the polymer surfaces. The presence of unstimulated or thrombin-stimulated platelets markedly increased the reactivity of neutrophils against fibrinogen- and IgG-coated surfaces. However, neutrophils remained relatively unreactive in the presence of platelets on HSA-treated surfaces. Comparison of the different types of surfaces used, reveals a correlation between the degree of cell spreading, reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and the amount of oxygen radicals produced. Our results suggest that the acute inflammatory reaction on a biomaterial surface is highly dependent on the nature and composition of the first adsorbed protein layer and the extent of platelet activation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 23, no 8, 1785-1795 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26381DOI: 10.1016/S0142-9612(01)00305-2Local ID: 10915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26381DiVA: diva2:246930