liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Asthma, lung function and allergy in 12-year-old children with very low birth weight: a prospective study
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Central Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Show others and affiliations
2003 (English)In: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, ISSN 0905-6157, E-ISSN 1399-3038, Vol. 14, no 3, 184-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We assessed the relationship between very low birth weight (VLBW) (≤1500 g) and the development of asthma, lung function and atopy. The study groups comprised 74 of all 86 (86%) VLBW and 64 of all 86 (74%) matched term children who were prospectively followed for 12 years. A questionnaire on asthmatic and allergic symptoms was completed and skin prick tests, spirometry and hypertonic saline provocation tests were performed at 12 years of age. Cytokine secretion was analysed in stimulated blood leukocyte cultures in 28 VLBW and 23 term children. A history of asthma was more frequent among the VLBW children, as compared with the term children at age 12 (22% vs. 9%, p = 0.046). Among the VLBW children, very preterm birth (gestational age: week 25 to 29) (RR 2.5, 95%CI 1.1–5.8), neonatal mechanical ventilation (RR 2.8, 95%CI 1.2–6.4) and neonatal oxygen supplementation (RR 4.3, 95%CI 1.3–14.0) were significantly associated with a history of asthma by the age of 12 years in univariate analyses. In multivariate logistic regression, neonatal oxygen supplementation ≥ 9 days was the only remaining significant risk factor for a history of asthma (adjusted OR 6.7, 95%CI 1.0–44). The VLBW children who required mechanical ventilation during the neonatal period were more likely to have bronchial hyperresponsiveness than those not requiring mechanical ventilation (60% vs. 28%, p = 0.050). The spirometric values were similar among the VLBW and the term children at 12 years. Very low birth weight was not significantly related to allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, eczema or positive skin prick tests. Furthermore, the levels of IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-γ in stimulated cell cultures were similar in the VLBW and the term children. A history of asthma by 12 years of age was twice as common among the VLBW as the term children, and neonatal oxygen supplementation seemed to be associated with the increased risk. Furthermore, mechanical ventilation during the neonatal period was associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness at age 12. Very low birth weight per se was not, however, related to atopy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 14, no 3, 184-192 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26442DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-3038.2003.00045.xLocal ID: 10985OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26442DiVA: diva2:246991
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and body weight in children
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and body weight in children
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: In the past few years, the relationship between overweight and asthma has been shown in countries with a Western life-style, but the mechanisms of this relation are only partially understood. Also, very low birth weight (VLBW) babies have immature lung and immune systems, which can conceivably affect the development of asthma and allergy later in life. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is a cardinal feature of asthma. A good and validated method is therefore needed to assess BHR in epidemiological studies in children.

Aims: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of hypertonic saline bronchial provocation test as a tool to identify asthma in epidemiological studies and to elucidate the inflammatory mechanisms. To assess whether overweight and VLBW increase the risk for asthma, BHR and atopy. To assess the role of the adipose-derived hormone leptin and leptin-associated pro-inflammatory cytokines in asthma in overweight children.

Material and Methods: Three groups of children were included. Allergic diseases were defined according to standardized and validated questionnaires. The hypertonic saline provocation test with a standardized methodology was applied to assess BHR. Cytokines were analyzed by ELISA in stimulated cells and in serum. The serum levels of leptin were also analyzed by ELISA. Urinary LTE4, 11ß-PGF and histamine were determined by EIA, and EPX by RIA.

Results: The sensitivity of the hypertonic saline provocation test for identifying asthma was over 60% and the specificity was over 80%. Recurrent wheeze was associated with a high magnitude of BHR. The levels of urinary LTE4 increased after the challenge tests, both in the asthmatics (p = 0.05) and in the healthy controls (p < 0.01). The levels of histamine also increased in the latter (p = 0.03). However, the levels of 11ß-PGF and EPX were similar in the asthmatics and in the healthy controls. Current wheeze was independently associated with high body mass index (BMI) (≥ 75th percentile of sex-specific reference values for Swedish children at 12-year-old). Overweight (≥ 90th percentile) had an even more pronounced effect (adjusted OR 1.9, 95 % CI 1.0-3.6). Leptin levels were considerably higher in children with than without overweight (p < 0.001). Among the overweight children, children with current asthma had higher levels of leptin than children without current asthma (30.8 vs. 14.3 ng/ml), although not significant. Interferon-y was more often detected in children with than without overweight (61% vs. 12%, p < 0.001), and there was a weak positive correlation between leptin and IFN-γ. A history of asthma up to 12 years of age was more frequent in the VLBW than in the term children (p < 0.05). In the VLBW children, neonatal oxygen supplementation seemed to be the only independent risk factor for a history of asthma (adjusted OR 4.2). The VLBW children who required neonatal mechanical ventilation were more likely to have BHR at age 12 than those who did not (60% vs. 28%, p = 0.05). However, very low birth weight was not associated with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, eczema or positive skin prick tests, and the levels of IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-γ in stimulated cell cultures were similar in the VLBW and the term children.

Conclusions: Hypertonic saline provocation tests are useful for identifying asthma in population-based studies in children. Inhalation of hypertonic saline induces the secretion of leukotrienes and histamine even in healthy individuals with no clinical consequences, but the bronchoconstriction does not seem to be induced by the analyzed inflammatory mediators. High BMI and overweight are associated with asthma symptoms. Leptin and leptin-associated pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IFN-γ, may be involved in overweight-related asthma. Very low birth weight is associated with asthma in adolescence, and neonatal oxygen supplementation seems to be the risk factor. Neonatal mechanical ventilation is related to BHR. However, very low birth weight is not associated with atopy. Thus, very low birth weight may lead to non-atopic, rather than atopic asthma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2003. 72 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 806
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26663 (URN)11229 (Local ID)91-7373-498-5 (ISBN)11229 (Archive number)11229 (OAI)
Public defence
2003-10-03, Elsa Brändströmssalen, Hälsouniversitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-10-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Mai, XiaomeiGäddlin, Per-OlofNilsson, LennartFinnström, OrvarBjörkstén, BengtJenmalm, Maria C.Leijon, Ingemar

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mai, XiaomeiGäddlin, Per-OlofNilsson, LennartFinnström, OrvarBjörkstén, BengtJenmalm, Maria C.Leijon, Ingemar
By organisation
PediatricsFaculty of Health Sciences
In the same journal
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 132 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf