Vaccinations may induce diabetes-related autoantibodies in one-year-old children
2003 (English)In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, E-ISSN 1749-6632, Vol. 1005, 404-408 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Vaccinations have been discussed as one among many environmental candidates contributing to the immune process that later may lead to type 1 diabetes. ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden) is a prospective cohort study following a nonselected birth cohort of general population. In a randomly selected sample collection from 4400 children, GADA and IA-2A have been determined at the age of 1 year. The information on vaccinations was collected from questionnaires answered by the parents and was related to β cell autoantibodies. When studying the induction of autoantibodies using the autoantibody level of 90th percentile as cutoff level, hemophdus influenza B (HIB) vaccination appeared to be a risk factor for IA-2A [OR 5.9 (CI 1.4-24.4; p = 0.01)] and for GADA [OR 3.4 (CI 1.1-10.8; p = 0.04)] in logistic regression analyses. Furthermore, the titers of IA-2A were significantly higher (p < 0.01 in Mann-Whitney test) in those children who had got HIB vaccination. When 99th percentile was used as cutoff to identify the children at risk of type 1 diabetes, BCG vaccination was associated with increased prevalence of IA-2A (p < 0.01). We conclude that HIB vaccination may have an unspecific stimulatory polyclonal effect increasing the production of GADA and IA-2A. This might be of importance under circumstances when the β cell-related immune response is activated by other mechanisms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 1005, 404-408 p.
ABIS, children, diabetes, autoantibodies, BCG vaccination, HIB vaccination
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26460DOI: 10.1196/annals.1288.068Local ID: 11008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26460DiVA: diva2:247009