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Urethrovaginal reflux: A common cause of daytime incontinence in girls
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2003 (English)In: Pediatrics, ISSN 0031-4005, Vol. 111, no 1, 136-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. The objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of urethrovaginal reflux as the cause of daytime incontinence in school-age girls, and to study the characteristic symptoms and the effect of simple instructions intended to amend the problem.

Material and Methods. Girls with urethrovaginal reflux were identified in a group of 169 girls, aged 7 to 15 years, referred to a specialist clinic because of daytime incontinence. They were evaluated by a noninvasive screening protocol, including a careful history and neurourologic examination, bladder diaries, urine analysis, uroflows, and residual urine determined by ultrasound. Girls with urethrovaginal reflux were instructed by a urotherapist on how to achieve better toilet habits.

Results. Urethrovaginal reflux was found in 21 (12.4%) of 169 girls as the sole (19) or contributing (2) cause of their daytime urinary incontinence. They all had a typical history of small leakage 5 to 10 minutes after voidings during the day, confirmed by a specific bladder diary. All were neurologically healthy, and all but 2 had a normal bladder function. The latter 2 girls had residual urine and asymptomatic bacteriuria. At follow-up after median 2 years, all girls were free from postmicturition leakage, but the 2 with residual urine remained daytime incontinent with cystometrically proven phasic detrusor overactivity.

Conclusions. Urethrovaginal reflux is a common cause of urinary incontinence in girls. The diagnosis is easily obtained by an adequate history, completed with a specific bladder diary. The problem is easily resolved by proper voiding instructions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 111, no 1, 136-139 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26472DOI: 10.1542/peds.111.1.136Local ID: 11023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26472DiVA: diva2:247021
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-09-14Bibliographically approved

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Mattsson, SvenGladh, Gunilla

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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