Family interaction and a supportive social network as salutogenic factors in childhood atopic illness
2002 (English)In: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, ISSN 0905-6157, Vol. 13, no 1, 51-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The role of psycho-social factors in the development of allergy was studied prospectively in 82 infants with a family history of atopy. The family participated in a standardized family test when the children were 18 months old. The ability to adjust to demands of the situation ('adaptability'), and the balance between emotional closeness and distance ('cohesion'), were assessed from videotapes by independent raters. Families rated as functional in both of these aspects were classified as 'functional', otherwise as 'dysfunctional'. The social network, life events, atopic symptoms (based on postal inquiries regarding symptoms answered by the parents, and on physical examinations), psychiatric symptoms, and socio-economic circumstances of the families were evaluated when the children were 18 months and 3 years of age. The children were classified as atopic (asthmatic symptoms or eczema) or as non-atopic. All but two children with atopic disease at 3 years of age had atopic disease before 18 months of age, while 32 of 60 children with atopic disease at 18 months of age had no problems by 3 years of age. An unbalanced family interplay at 18 months was associated with a relative risk (RR) of 1.99 for continuing atopic illness at 3 years of age (1.18
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 13, no 1, 51-57 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26474DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-3038.2002.00086.xLocal ID: 11025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26474DiVA: diva2:247023