Better dietary compliance in patients with coeliac disease diagnosed in early childhood
2003 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 38, no 7, 751-754 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: In coeliac disease (CD) there is a permanent gluten intolerance requiring life-long adherence to a strict gluten-free diet (GFD). An inadequate diet increases the risk for long-term complications. Coeliac patients often have great difficulty in maintaining a strictly GFD. We aimed to study whether young adults with CD diagnosed before the age of 4 years have a better dietary compliance than patients diagnosed later in life.
Method: Twenty-nine adults with CD diagnosed in childhood were studied. They had had CD for 17-24 (mean 20) years. Their compliance to GFD was assessed using a questionnaire and serological markers (IgA and IgG anti-endomysium antibodies and IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies).
Results: At least 80% of the coeliac patients who had been diagnosed before the age of 4 years complied with the GFD compared to 36% of the CD patients older than 4 years at diagnosis ( P r < r 0.05).
Conclusion: This is the first study to show that patients with CD diagnosed before 4 years of age keep to a GFD significantly better than patients diagnosed after 4 years. It is thus important to diagnose childhood CD as early as possible in order to minimize the risk for reduced well-being and other potentially serious complications in coeliac individuals on an inadequate diet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 38, no 7, 751-754 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26571DOI: 10.1080/00365520310003318Local ID: 11136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26571DiVA: diva2:247120