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Time delays in ultrasound systems can result in fallacious measurements.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Physiological Measurements. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Physiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Physiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
Västerås.
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2002 (English)In: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0301-5629, Vol. 28, 259-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Even short time delays (less than 30 ms) in cardiac motion pattern may have clinical relevance. These delays can be measured with echocardiography, using techniques such as flow and tissue Doppler and M-mode together with external signals (e.g., ECG and phonocardiography). If one or more of these signals are delayed in relation to the other signals (asynchronous), an incorrect definition of cardiac time intervals can occur, the consequence of which is invalid measurement. To determine if this time delay in signal processing is a problem, we tested three common ultrasound (US) systems using the ECG as the reference signal. We used a digital ECG simulator and a Doppler string phantom to obtain test signals for flow and tissue pulsed Doppler, M-mode, phonocardiography, auxiliary and ECG signals. We found long time delays of up to 90 ms in one system, whereas delays were mostly short in the two other systems. The time delays varied relative to system settings. Consequently, to avoid these errors, precise knowledge of the characteristics of the system being used is essential.

Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 28, 259-263 p.
Keyword [en]
Ultrasound system, Doppler, Time delay, Doppler phantom, Echocardiography
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26694Local ID: 11283OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26694DiVA: diva2:247244
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2009-10-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Performance testing of ultrasound Doppler equipment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance testing of ultrasound Doppler equipment
2003 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Blood and tissue velocities are measured and analysed in cardiac, vascular and other applications of diagnostic ultrasound. Errors in system performance might give invalid measurements.

We developed two moving string test targets (“Doppler phantoms”) to characterise ultrasound Doppler systems. These phantoms were initially used to measure such variables as sample volume dimensions, location of the sample volume, and the performance of the spectral analysis. Specific tests were done to detect errors in signal processing causing time delays and inaccurate velocity estimation.

Even time delays as short as 30 ms in cardiac motion pattern may have clinical relevance. These delays can be measured with echocardiography, by using techniques such as flow and tissue Doppler and M-mode together with external signals (e.g., ECG and phonocardiography). If one or more of these signals are delayed in relation to the other signals (asynchronous), an incorrect definition of cardiac time intervals can occur. To determine if this time delay in signal processing is a problem, we tested three commercial ultrasound systems. We used a digital ECG simulator and a Doppler string phantom to obtain test signals. We found time delays of up to 90 ms in one system, whereas delays were mostly short in the other two systems. Further, the time delays varied relative to system settings.

To determine the accuracy in velocity calibration, we tested the same three ultrasound systems using the Doppler phantom to obtain test signals for flow and tissue pulsed Doppler and for continuous wave Doppler. The ultrasound systems were tested with settings and transducers commonly used in cardiac applications. In two systems the observed errors were mostly close to zero, whereas one system systematically overestimated velocity by an average of 4.6%. The detected errors can be considered small in clinical applications but might be serious in certain research applications. It is important to know the velocity error of the used ultrasound system and to judge it in relation to the application in which it is used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2003. 38 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1037
Series
LiU-TEK-LIC, 36
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29499 (URN)LiU-TEK-LIC--2003:36; 14854 (Local ID)91-7373-728-3 (ISBN)LiU-TEK-LIC--2003:36; 14854 (Archive number)LiU-TEK-LIC--2003:36; 14854 (OAI)
Presentation
2003-10-03, föreläsningssalen, Institutionen för Medicinsk Teknik, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2009-10-16Bibliographically approved
2. Testing of Doppler Ultrasound Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Testing of Doppler Ultrasound Systems
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Blood and tissue velocities are measured and analyzed in cardiac, vascular, and other applications of diagnostic ultrasound. Errors in system performance might give invalid measurements.

We developed two moving string test targets and a rotating cylinder phantom (Doppler phantoms) to characterize Doppler ultrasound systems. These phantoms were initially used to measure such variables as sample volume dimensions, location of the sample volume, and the performance of the spectral analysis. Later, specific tests were designed and performed to detect errors in signal processing, causing time delays and inaccurate velocity estimation in all Doppler modes.

In cardiac motion pattern even time delays as short as 30 ms may have clinical relevance. These delays can be obtained with echocardiography by using flow and tissue Doppler and M-mode techniques together with external signals (e.g., electrocardiography (ECG) and phonocardiography). If one or more of these signals are asynchronous in relation to the other signals, an incorrect definition of cardiac time intervals may occur. To determine if such time delays in signal processing are a serious problem, we tested four commercial ultrasound systems. We used the Doppler string phantom and the rotating cylinder phantom to obtain test signals. We found time delays of up to 90 ms in one system, whereas delays were mostly short in the other systems. Further, the time delays varied relative to system settings. In two-dimensional (2D) Doppler the delays were closely related to frame rate.

To determine the accuracy in velocity calibration, we tested the same four ultrasound systems using the Doppler phantoms to obtain test signals for flow (PW) and tissue (T-PW) pulse Doppler and for continuous wave (CW) Doppler. The ultrasound systems were tested with settings and transducers commonly used in cardiac applications. In two systems, the observed errors were mostly close to zero, whereas one system systematically overestimated velocity by an average of 4.6%. The detected errors are mostly negliable in clinical practice but might be significant in certain cases and research applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 55 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1284
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51213 (URN)978-91-7393-498-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-11-20, Gamla Vårdskolans aula, ingång 21, Centrallasarettet, Västerås, Västerås, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-29 Created: 2009-10-21 Last updated: 2009-10-29Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, EvaWranne, BengtAsk, Per

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