Kinematics of the heart: strain-rate imaging from time-resolved three-dimensional phase contrast MRI
2002 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, ISSN 0278-0062, E-ISSN 1558-254X, Vol. 21, no 9, 1105-1109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A four-dimensional mapping (three spatial dimensions + time) of myocardial strain-rate would help to describe the mechanical properties of the myocardium, which affect important physiological factors such as the pumping performance of the ventricles. Strain-rate represents the local instantaneous deformation of the myocardium and can be calculated from the spatial gradients of the velocity field. Strain-rate has previously been calculated using one-dimensional (ultrasound) or two-dimensional (2-D) magnetic resonance imaging techniques. However, this assumes that myocardial motion only occurs in one direction or in one plane, respectively. This paper presents a method for calculation of the time-resolved three-dimensional (3-D) strain-rate tensor using velocity vector information in a 3-D spatial grid during the whole cardiac cycle. The strain-rate tensor provides full information of both magnitude and direction of the instantaneous deformation of the myocardium. A method for visualization of the full 3-D tensor is also suggested. The tensors are visualized using ellipsoids, which display the principal directions of strain-rate and the ratio between strain-rate magnitude in each direction. The presented method reveals the principal strain-rate directions without a priori knowledge of myocardial motion directions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 21, no 9, 1105-1109 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26711DOI: 10.1109/TMI.2002.804431Local ID: 11305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26711DiVA: diva2:247261