Dual mode antimony electrode for simultaneous measurements of PO2 and pH
2000 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, Vol. 44, no 1, 32-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: In biomedical research and clinical medicine there is a demand for potent sensors to measure the components that make up blood gas analyses. Today, as when the electrochemical PO2, PCO2 and pH electrodes were first introduced, these measurements are usually made with the same type of sensor technology. The aims of the present study were, firstly, to find out whether the platinum cathode in the Clark electrode can be replaced by antimony for oxygen measurements (amperometry (A)), secondly, whether, during oxygen measurements, the inherent corrosion potential of the antimony metal can be used for measurement of pH in the same measurement area (potentiometry (P)). Methods: An electrode of purified, crystallographically orientated monocrystalline antimony (COMA) connected to a reference electrode (silver- silver chloride) was used for the P measurements. Measurements of A (at -900 mV) and P were made in an aqueous environment regulated for oxygen, pH, and temperature. Results: Reproducible oxygen sensitivities of 0.925 nA/% oxygen (2% CV (coefficient of variation)) (A), 10.7 mV/% (P), and 0.7mV/% (P) were found in the oxygen range: 0-21%, <5%, and above 5%, respectively. The pH sensitivity was 57 mV/pH unit (P). Oxygen and pH measurements were less accurate at oxygen concentrations close to 0%. Conclusions: Both the oxygen and pH part of the composite electrode signal can be identified by this dual mode technique (A and P). The sensor seems to be promising as it provides measurements of two separate variables (oxygen and pH) and also has the desirable characteristics of a solid state sensor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 44, no 1, 32-36 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26715DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-6576.2000.440106.xLocal ID: 11309OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26715DiVA: diva2:247265