Adaptation of cardiac morphology and function to endurance and strength training: A comparative study using MR imaging and echocardiography in males and females
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, Vol. 12, no 1, 17-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Left ventricular (LV) dimensions and function and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) were measured in endurance-trained (10 male, m, 10 female, f), strength-trained athletes (8 m, 10 f) and untrained subjects (9 m, 10 f). LV dimensions were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and echocardiography and the results were equal irrespective of method. Endurance-trained m and f had significantly higher LV volumes and mass than both strength-trained and controls. No VO2 max or dimensional differences were seen between strength-trained and untrained subjects. In endurance-trained males, LV volumes and mass/kg bw were higher than in endurancetrained females. There was no significant gender difference for strength-trained or untrained subjects regarding body weight-related heart dimensions. It is concluded that LV dimensions and volumes are strongly dependent on oxygen transport capacity in normal subjects practising different modes of training, and that the gender differences, if LV dimensions are related to aerobic work capacity, are smaller than previously reported.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 12, no 1, 17-25 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26785Local ID: 11390OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-26785DiVA: diva2:247335