Comparison of idarubicin and daunorubicin regarding intracellular uptake, induction of apoptosis, and resistance
2002 (English)In: Cancer Letters, ISSN 0304-3835, E-ISSN 1872-7980, Vol. 178, no 2, 141-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Anthracycline antibiotics are widely used as anticancer agents. Idarubicin (4-demethoxydaunorubicin; Ida), a semisynthetic derivative of daunorubicin (Dnr) is more potent than the parent compound in vitro and in vivo. The equitoxic dose of Ida in patients is about one-fourth of that of Dnr. We compared these drugs regarding cytotoxicity, apoptosis induction, and resistance mechanisms in human leukaemic cell lines. Cytotoxicity was studied by means of the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay and drug-induced apoptosis by means of the Annexin V–fluorescein isothiocyanate method at similar intracellular concentrations (extracellular concentrations of 0.35 μM for Ida and 1 μM for Dnr). Ida was at least twice as potent as Dnr in MOLT-4, HL60, CEM, and K562 cell lines. It took 8 h for Ida to induce approximately 20% apoptosis, but at least 22 h for Dnr to reach 20% apoptosis at identical intracellular concentration. Ida induces a faster and higher apoptosis rate compared with Dnr. The human chronic myelogenous leukaemia cell line (K562) was selected for resistance to Dnr and Ida with and without verapamil (Ver). Continuous incubation with Dnr, but not with Ida, led to an increased mdr1 gene expression as assessed by real-time PCR. The development of mdr1 gene expression in Dnr-resistant cells could be reversed by the presence of Ver. Ver also reversed the cytotoxicity to Dnr, but not to Ida, in K562/Dnr cells. The results show that Ida is more effective than Dnr in inducing apoptosis and that there are differences in resistance mechanisms between the drugs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 178, no 2, 141-149 p.
Idarubicin, Daunorubicin, Apoptosis, Intracellular accumulation, MOLT-4, Cytotoxicity
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27006DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3835(01)00824-2Local ID: 11642OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27006DiVA: diva2:247557