Female gender increases stiffness of elastic but not of muscular arteries in type I diabetic patients
2002 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, Vol. 22, no 6, 409-415 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The reason for the particularly increased risk for cardiovascular complications in diabetic women is still unclear. We have previously found decreased distensibility of elastic arteries in type I diabetic women, indicating increased cardiac load, not seen in type I diabetic men, which might be one contributing factor. Whether the effect of gender is different in muscular arteries in type I diabetic patients has not been assessed. As estimates of arterial distensibility we measured stiffness (▀) and pressure strain elastic modulus (Ep) in the muscular common femoral artery using echotracking sonography in 30 women (mean age 34 years, range 20-61) and 26 men (mean age 38 years, range 22-56) with type I diabetes. The results were compared with those of 89 healthy individuals of corresponding age and gender and with previously published results from elastic arteries in these patients obtained at the same occasion. The internal common femoral diameter was significantly decreased in both diabetic men and women. In sharp contrast to the highly significant decreased distensibility of the elastic abdominal aorta and common carotid artery in the type I diabetic women, the distensibility of the common femoral artery did not clearly differ between patients and controls, neither for women nor for men. Thus, the gender difference in changes of arterial distensibility found in elastic arteries was absent or far less obvious in the femoral artery. In conclusion, female gender seems to affect the mechanical properties of elastic, but not of large muscular arteries in type I diabetic patients. Thus, putative gender differences in arterial changes in type I diabetes are to be sought in elastic rather than muscular arteries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 22, no 6, 409-415 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27036Local ID: 11680OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27036DiVA: diva2:247587