Plasma lipoprotein particle concentrations in postmenopausal women with unstable coronary artery disease: Analysis of diagnostic accuracy using receiver operating characteristics
2000 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 247, no 1, 43-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background.The contribution of plasma lipids to cardiovascular risk is usually evaluated by measuring plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL cholesterol, and calculating LDL cholesterol concentration. We investigated plasma concentrations of apolipoproteins and lipoprotein particles in women with unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) to evaluate whether these, better than the routine lipid status, could differentiate women with and without coronary atherosclerosis.
Methods. Blood samples for lipid analyses were collected from 119 angiographically examined postmenopausal 49–79-year-old women with unstable CAD, and from 101 age-matched controls. Mean plasma concentrations were compared and the discriminatory ability of the different variables were tested using receiver operating characteristics (ROC).
Results. At coronary angiography 19% had normal vessels and 81% had coronary atherosclerosis. A disturbed triglyceride metabolism was the most pronounced lipid abnormality in women with unstable CAD and coronary atherosclerosis. ROC showed that none of the evaluated variables had a particularly high discriminatory power regarding unstable CAD or coronary atherosclerosis. The ratio cholesterol/HDL cholesterol was best with an ROC area of 0.79. Furthermore, the newer lipid variables, i.e. lipoprotein particles and apolipoproteins, were no better than the traditional variables.
Conclusion. Lipoprotein changes reflecting a disturbed triglyceride metabolism are most pronounced in women with unstable CAD and coronary atherosclerosis. Lipoprotein particles and apolipoproteins alone were no better than lipids and lipoproteins in separating women with from those without coronary atherosclerosis. Our study does not support the measurement of apolipoproteins and lipoprotein particles on the basis of diagnostic accuracy alone.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 247, no 1, 43-52 p.
lipoprotein particles, ROC, unstable CAD, women.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27049DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00567.xLocal ID: 11694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27049DiVA: diva2:247600