Molecular cloning of a putative Ciona intestinalis cionin receptor, a new member of the CCK/gastrin receptor family
2003 (English)In: Gene, ISSN 0378-1119, E-ISSN 1879-0038, Vol. 323, no 1-2, 79-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cionin, a peptide showing similarities with cholecystokinin and gastrin has been shown to be expressed in the gut and neural ganglion of the protochordate Ciona intestinalis. The present report describes the cloning of a putative cionin receptor (CioR), a new member of the CCK/gastrin family from the gastrointestinal tract of C. intestinalis. mRNA from the stomach of C. intestinalis was isolated using a modified RNA extraction procedure and, subsequently, reverse-transcribed into single-stranded cDNA by means of rapid amplification of 5′- and 3′-cDNA ends (RACE-PCR), followed by full-length PCR amplification. The cloned full-length PCR amplicons contained a short upstream open-reading frame (uORF) coding for a putative 16 amino acid long peptide, followed by a long open reading frame encoding a 526 amino acid putative CioR protein. At the amino acid level, the putative CioR protein shared 35–40% homology with cloned mammalian, chicken, and Xenopus laevis CCK receptors. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the chicken and X. laevis CCK receptors are orthologues of the mammalian CCK2 receptors whereas CioR protein forms a clade with vertebrate cholecystokinin receptors. Moreover, we found that the CioR cDNA and deduced amino acid sequences were found to correspond to the annotated CCK/gastrin-like receptor gene on Scaffold 117 (C. intestinalis draft genome project, Joint Genome Institute database; http://www.jgi.doe.gov).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 323, no 1-2, 79-88 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27050DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2003.09.002Local ID: 11695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27050DiVA: diva2:247601