liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Early initiation of treatment with statins in acute coronary syndromes
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MKC - Medicin och kirurgicentrum, EMK-endokrin.
2002 (English)In: Annals of Medicine, ISSN 0785-3890, Vol. 34, no 1, 37-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Statins may act rapidly to reverse abnormalities of the arterial wall that may predispose to recurrent ischemic events after acute coronary syndromes. Such abnormalities are endothelial dysfunction, a local inflammatory response, and an exaggerated thrombogenic tendency. In one study almost 20 000 patients with first myocardial infarction were studied with regard to statin treatment (28%) or not. Baseline characteristics were adjusted using multivariate regression analysis including propensity analysis. One year mortality was 3.7/5.0% in statin/not statin groups, respectively, P = 0.001, relative risk 0.75. In another study of more than 20 000 patients, 18% were prescribed statin after an acute coronary syndrome and followed for six months. Propensity analysis was performed in this study as well. Deaths in statin/not statin groups were 1.7/3.5%, P < 0.0001, relative risk 0.48. In the Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL), a double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled intervention study, 3086 patient with acute non-Q-wave coronary syndromes were allocated immediately in hospital to receive atorvastatin 80 mg daily or placebo for four months. No lower limit for plasma LDL cholesterol was used. Primary endpoint was time to first occurrence of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, and worsening angina with objective evidence of ischemia. This was significantly reduced compared to the placebo group by 2.4% (14.8 versus 17.2%, relative risk 0.84, P = 0.048). Atorvastatin also reduced significantly fatal or non-fatal strokes. Possible mechanisms behind these acute beneficial effects are discussed. The studies highlight the importance of treatment with a statin in the early management of acute coronary syndromes and the need to incorporate this therapeutic strategy in national guidelines and treatment recommendations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 34, no 1, 37-41 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27090DOI: 10.1080/078538902317338625Local ID: 11737OAI: diva2:247641
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2011-01-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Olsson, Anders
By organisation
Faculty of Health SciencesInternal MedicineEMK-endokrin
In the same journal
Annals of Medicine
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 26 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link