Mobile computerized tomography scanning in the neurosurgery intensive care unit: increase in patient safety and reduction of staff workload
2000 (English)In: Journal of Neurosurgery, ISSN 0022-3085, Vol. 93, no 3, 432-436 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Object. Transportation of unstable neurosurgical patients involves risks that may lead to further deterioration and secondary brain injury from perturbations in physiological parameters. Mobile computerized tomography (CT) head scanning in the neurosurgery intensive care (NICU) is a new technique that minimizes the need to transport unstable patients. The authors have been using this device since June 1997 and have developed their own method of scanning such patients.
Methods. The scanning procedure and radiation safety measures are described. The complications that occurred in 89 patients during transportation and conventional head CT scanning at the Department of Radiology were studied prospectively. These complications were compared with the ones that occurred during mobile CT scanning in 50 patients in the NICU. The duration of the procedures was recorded, and an estimation of the staff workload was made. Two patient groups, defined as high- and medium-risk cases, were studied. Medical and/or technical complications occurred during conventional CT scanning in 25% and 20% of the patients in the high- and medium-risk groups, respectively. During mobile CT scanning complications occurred in 4.3% of the high-risk group and 0% of the medium-risk group. Mobile CT scanning also took significantly less time, and the estimated personnel cost was reduced.
Conclusions. Mobile CT scanning in the NICU is safe. It minimizes the risk of physiological deterioration and technical mishaps linked to intrahospital transport, which may aggravate secondary brain injury. The time that patients have to remain outside the controlled environment of the NICU is minimized, and the staff's workload is decreased.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 93, no 3, 432-436 p.
mobile computerized tomography scanning, neurosurgery intensive care unit, transport time
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27100DOI: 10.3171/jns.2000.93.3.0432Local ID: 11747OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27100DiVA: diva2:247651