Cellular proliferation and leukocyte infiltration in the rabbit cornea after photorefractive keratectomy
2001 (English)In: Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, ISSN 1395-3907, Vol. 79, no 5, 488-492 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: To map the proliferative activity of corneal cells during wound healing following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and to compare two markers for proliferation. Methods: PRK, 5- mm in diameter with a -6 D setting, was performed in one eye of 28 New Zealand White Rabbits. The rabbits were sacrificed at time points between 12 hours and three months after surgery. The treated and fellow corneas were fixed in 10% formaldehyde, paraffin embedded, and immunohistochemically stained for proliferate cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and at one time point, 1 week, also for Ki-67. Results: Following initial sliding of the epithelial cells, the proliferative activity in the wound area starts in the leading edge (24 hours) and is spread towards the periphery. The proliferative activity peaks after one week and subsides during the following two weeks. Early (24 hours) proliferative activity is also seen in the limbal epithelium which peaks after three days. The keratocytes express PCNA in the peripheral stroma 48 hours after injury. They then also migrate to repopulate the stroma under the wound area. The expression period lasts 1 week and subsides the following week. Leukocytes are found in the wound as early as 12 hours after injury. The cells disappear around the time of epithelial wound closure, i.e. after 3 days. The two proliferative markers PCNA and KI 67 show a similar distribution after surgery. Conclusion: Epithelial proliferative activity starts earlier after injury, and is preceded by leukocyte presence in the wound. The PCNA expression starts later in the keratocytes but lasts somewhat longer (3 weeks). PCNA expression appears more efficient than Ki-67 to show proliferative activity of slow cycling cells in the cornea.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 79, no 5, 488-492 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27741DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0420.2001.790512.xLocal ID: 12482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27741DiVA: diva2:248293