liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Phototherapeutic keratectomy: 12 years of experience
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Ophthalmology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Ophthalmology UHL/MH.
2003 (English)In: Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, ISSN 1395-3907, Vol. 81, no 1, 19-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) has been employed as a surgical tool to treat corneal disease for more than 10 years. The laser has made it possible to remove superficial corneal opacities and thereby restore vision. The 193 nm ultraviolet light separates molecules and splits molecules in biological tissue, thereby ablating it. About 0.25 ╡m of tissue is ablated by each pulse. The development of the excimer laser technique has been fast. It has principally focused on refractive surgery but has also benefited PTK. Corneal dystrophies: The ability to delay or postpone corneal grafting in superficial corneal dystrophies represents a very important achievement. Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy or basal membrane dystrophy is a common indication for PTK. Other dystrophies such as Meesman's, Reis-Bⁿckler's, Thiel-Benke's, granular, macular, lattice and Schnyder's can be treated, although with differing degrees of success and varying rates of recurrence. Subepithelial scarring in Fuchs' dystrophy has been ablated. Other trials have involved the removal of substantial parts of the stroma in order to reduce the load on the endothelium. Recurrent dystrophic changes can likewise be removed from corneal grafts and thus prevent the need for regrafting. Recurrent erosions: Laser treatment has made it possible to manage wound-healing problems better after recurrent erosions. Recurrent erosions are the most common indications for PTK: several studies show good and persistent effects with this type of treatment. Persistent epithetial defects of various origins, among them corneal ulcers resulting from allergic disease, can likewise be treated. Scar tissue: Scars after surgery such as pterygeum excision can be removed. Smooth muscle actin containing fibroblasts in old scars should be given special consideration in PTK. Excimer laser surgery can be successfully combined with conventional surgery to remove excessive scar tissue, Salzmann's nodules and very flaky and coarse band keratopathy. Irregular corneal surfaces following ulcers and injuries pose problems that have so far proved difficult to overcome. Thinning is often seen after bacterial corneal ulcers or after herpes simplex keratitis. A rough or uneven surface can be made smoother by using modulators during treatment by casting a new surface under a hard contact lens (PALM technique), a surface that is then projected into the stroma by laser ablation. Modern techniques linking the excimer laser with computerized corneal topography and wavefront analysis promise to further improve the smoothing capacities of lasers and to increase the quality of optical results. Complications: The most feared complication of PTK is the postoperative infection. These are rare. Haze is usually not prominent but scar tissue formation of a more persistent type has been noted after laser surgery in eyes with pre-existing surgical scars. Keratectasia has been described after PTK. Failure due to deep opacities or a surface that is too uneven is a more common frustration. This paper reviews advances in excimer laser treatment of corneal disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 81, no 1, 19-32 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27748DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0420.2003.00015.xLocal ID: 12489OAI: diva2:248300
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2011-01-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Fagerholm, Per
By organisation
Faculty of Health SciencesOphthalmologyDepartment of Ophthalmology UHL/MH
In the same journal
Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 31 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link