An estimation of the influence of force decrease on the mean power spectral frequency shift of the EMG during repetitive maximum dynamic knee extensions
2003 (English)In: Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, ISSN 1050-6411, Vol. 13, no 5, 461-468 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Frequency analysis of myoelectric (ME) signals, using the mean power spectral frequency (MNF), has been widely used to characterize peripheral muscle fatigue during isometric contractions assuming constant force. However, during repetitive isokinetic contractions performed with maximum effort, output (force or torque) will decrease markedly during the initial 40-60 contractions, followed by a phase with little or no change. MNF shows a similar pattern. In situations where there exist a significant relationship between MNF and output, part of the decrease in MNF may per se be related to the decrease in force during dynamic contractions. This study estimated force effects on the MNF shifts during repetitive dynamic knee extensions. Twenty healthy volunteers participated in the study and both surface ME signals (from the right vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and rectus femoris muscles) and the biomechanical signals (force, position, and velocity) of an isokinetic dynamometer were measured. Two tests were performed: (i) 100 repetitive maximum isokinetic contractions of the right knee extensors, and (ii) five gradually increasing static knee extensions before and after (i). The corresponding ME signal time-frequency representations were calculated using the continuous wavelet transform. Compensation of the MNF variables of the repetitive contractions was performed with respect to the individual MNF-force relation based on an average of five gradually increasing contractions. Whether or not compensation was necessary was based on the shape of the MNF-force relationship. A significant compensation of the MNF was found for the repetitive isokinetic contractions. In conclusion, when investigating maximum dynamic contractions, decreases in MNF can be due to mechanisms similar to those found during sustained static contractions (force-independent component of fatigue) and in some subjects due to a direct effect of the change in force (force-dependent component of fatigue). In order to compare MNF shifts during sustained static and repetitive dynamic contractions it is necessary to estimate the force-dependent component of fatigue of dynamic contractions. Our results are preliminary and have to be confirmed in larger experiments using single dynamic contractions when determining the MNF-force relationship of the unfatigued situation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 13, no 5, 461-468 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27763DOI: 10.1016/S1050-6411(03)00063-4Local ID: 12508OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27763DiVA: diva2:248315