Effect of carbon dioxide on cochlear blood flow in guinea pigs
2000 (English)In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, Vol. 120, no 1, 11-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The influence of carbon dioxide (CO2) on cochlear blood flow (CBF), blood pressure (SBP) and skin blood flow (SBF) was studied in anaesthetized guinea pigs. A transient acute respiratory acidosis was produced by inhalation of CO2 and oxygen (O2) gas mixtures. The blood flows were measured by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). High CO2 increased CBF and SBP, and decreased SBF in a dose-dependent manner. The responses of CBF, SBP and SBF to high CO2 were reversible. Our results indicate that high CO2 (and low pH) dilates the smooth muscle of the blood vessels, resulting in an increase in CBF. CO2 also activates the sympathetic nervous system in the whole body, producing an increase in SBP. The distribution of alpha- adrenergic fibres/receptors is abundant in skin and scarce in the cochlea. The constrictive effect on blood vessels is much greater in the skin than in the cochlea, thus our results showed a decrease in SBF during stimulation with higher CO2.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 120, no 1, 11-18 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27856Local ID: 12615OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27856DiVA: diva2:248408