Iron and vitamin deficiencies, endocrine and immune status in patients with primary Sj÷gren's syndrome
2001 (English)In: Oral Diseases, ISSN 1354-523X, Vol. 7, no 3, 144-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of iron and vitamin deficiencies, endocrine disorders and immunological parameters in patients with primary Sj÷gren's syndrome (1░SS). DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: At the time of the establishment of the diagnosis of 1░SS in 43 consecutive patients, a clinical examination including haematological analyses was performed. The patients' medical records were also reviewed. SETTING: Patients referred for diagnosis to The University Hospital, Link÷ping, a secondary or tertiary referral hospital serving the middle part of southern Sweden. RESULTS: In total, current or previously treated iron and vitamin deficiencies were registered for 63% of the 1░SS patients (iron 51%, vitamin B12 25%, folate 9%). Current low ferritin was noted in 24%, low iron saturation in 37%, decreased vitamin B12 in 13% and folate in 9%. Thyroid disease was found in a total of 33% and 30% had autoimmune thyroiditis. Three patients (7%) had verified diabetes mellitus. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was raised in 65% of the patients and 84% had a polyclonal increase of 1g. Rheumatoid factor (RF) was detected in 85%, antinuclear antibody (ANA) in 74%, anti-SS-A in 88% and anti-SS-B in 73% of the patients. CONCLUSION: Iron and vitamin deficiencies and thyroid diseases are common in patients with 1░SS. Since these disorders often are treatable and may affect the patients' distress as well as their immune and exocrine function, an active, recurrent search for deficiencies, endocrine diseases and other frequently recorded disorders is recommended.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 7, no 3, 144-149 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27860DOI: 10.1034/j.1601-0825.2001.0070302.xLocal ID: 12620OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-27860DiVA: diva2:248412