Optical optimization of polyfluorene-fullerene blend photodiodes
2005 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 97, no 3, 034503-1-034503-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Blends of polyfluorene-fullerenes are promising materials for polymer-based photovoltaic devices (PPVD). Using spectroscopic ellipsometry we deduce the dielectric function for the blend of the fullerene derivative [6,6]-phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) and the alternating polyfluorene copolymer, poly [2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2-thienyl-2',1', 3'-benzothiadiazole)] DiO-PFDTBT (4:1 by weight), for the wavelength interval 250-1300 nm. n reaches above 2 and saturates to 1.9 for high wavelengths. Absorption starts at 720 nm (1.72 eV) and reaches a crest around 550 nm (2.25 eV). The spin coating introduces anisotropy in the blend, manifested in birefringence as well as in dichroism. The dielectric function for the blend versus its constituents is not additive. There are indications that the constituents lost their dielectric identity, as screening cannot explain the experimental data. Simulations of optical absorption inside a PPVD are performed for both monochromatic and polychromatic light, using an air mass 1.5 distributed solar irradiation. The model allows calculation of absorbed energies in absolute values in all layers within the device. An optimization is carried out with respect to the layer thicknesses. From a purely optical perspective there is no gain of optical absorbance in including an additional layer of acceptor. Spatially resolved energy dissipation within the device is presented for polychromatic light. Estimates for quantum efficiencies are derived. Experimental and theoretical results for reflectance are compared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 97, no 3, 034503-1-034503-8 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-28476DOI: 10.1063/1.1836005Local ID: 13623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-28476DiVA: diva2:249285