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Cows' milk hydrolysates: Prevention and treatment of cows' milk allergy
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
1998 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cows' milk allergy (CMA) develops early in infancy and the incidence is 2-5% in developed countries. The onset of symptoms is in most cases related to the introduction of a cows' ntilk based formula. The treatment of choice is total avoidance of cows' milk proteins and, at least in infancy, replacement with a whole protein soy or a hydrolysed cows' milk based formula (HP). The hypoallergenicity of HPs has been questioned, and studies evaluating remaining antigenicity and allergenicity as well as the allergy preventive effect of early feeding with HFs have been prompted.

In vivo allergenicity of HPs was studied by skin prick tests and double-blind placebo controlled oral challenges in cows' milk allergic children, and in vitro allergenicity was analysed by RAST, RAST inhibition, immunoblotting and dot immunobinding. The protein content of the HPs was analysed by chromatography, electrophoresis, and determination of i)-lactoglobulin by ELISA (I,Il). The allergy preventive effect of feeding a partially (pHF) and an extensively HP (eHF) compared with a regular cows' milk formula from the start of weaning up to 9 months of age, was evaluated in a randomised, blinded study including infants from families with a history of allergy. The children were followed from birth up to 18 months of age (Ill). The antibody response to cows' milk antigens was analysed at 9 months of age with a chemiluminometric assay (IgE) and a sensitive ELISA (IgG) in a subgroup of these infants, who were fed a randomised formula for at least 3 months (IV). The presence of cord blood IgE, IgG, IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies to cows' milk antigens in relation to subsequent cows' milk sensitisation or allergic disease was evaluated (V).

All tested HPs retained some allergenicity, but it was higher for pHPs than for eHPs, both in vivo and in vitro. The content of i)lactoglobulin was more than 2000 times higher in a pHF than in the eHFs. An allergy preventive effect was seen for the eHP but not the pHP on the develop-ment of cumulative atopic symptoms and atopic dermatitis. The lgG response to i)-lactoglobulin was more pronounced in the pHP than in the eHP fed group, but markedly reduced in both groups compared with the regular formula group. Cows' milk specific IgE antibodies were detected in 14% of cord blood sera, but the predictive capacity of these antibodies to detect subsequent cows' milk sensitisation and atopic disease up to 18 months of age was poor.

In conclusion, all HPs may retain antigens capable of eliciting allergic reactions, but eHPs are far less allergenic than pHFs. Only eHPs should be recommended for treatment and prevention of cows' milk allergy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 1998. , 53 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 522
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-28619Local ID: 13775ISBN: 91-7219-067-1OAI: diva2:249430
Public defence
1998-04-29, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Papers, included in the Ph.D. thesis, are not registered and included in the posts from 1999 and backwards.Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2012-07-27Bibliographically approved

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