Functional analyses of an LXXLL motif in nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR)
2004 (English)In: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, ISSN 0960-0760, E-ISSN 1879-1220, Vol. 91, no 4-5, 191-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Transcriptional repression is a major regulatory mechanism in cell differentiation, organogenesis, and oncogenesis. Two repressors of ligand-dependent transcription factors, nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR) and the related protein SMRT were identified as a silencing mediator for thyroid hormone receptor β and as a silencing mediator for retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptors, respectively. Nuclear receptor coactivators such as steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1) contain multiple LXXLL motifs, which are essential and sufficient for its ligand-dependent interaction with nuclear receptors. N-CoR also has an LXXLL motif, located between repressor domains 1 and 2, and conserved between mouse and man. In contrast, SMRT lacks this motif.
This paper describes functional implications of the LXXLL motif in N-CoR. A 57-amino acid portion of N-CoR containing the LDNLL sequence (N-CoRLDNLL) fused to GST interacted with retinoic acid receptor α (RARα) and thyroid hormone receptor β (TRβ) in vitro. Similarly, [35S-methionine]N-CoRLDNLL interacted with a RARα fusion protein. N-CoRLDNLL also bound to RARα in vivo as determined in mammalian one-hybrid system in transfected CV-1 cells and by two-hybrid assays in bacteria. The interaction with RARα in vitro and in vivo was specific as determined by mutation of the sequence LDNLL to LDNAA. Our data suggest that the LDNLL motif in N-CoR has functional significance because it mediates interaction with nuclear receptors such as RARα and TRβ.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 91, no 4-5, 191-196 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-28799DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2004.04.006ISI: 000224043500001Local ID: 13987OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-28799DiVA: diva2:249611