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The Bologna process - Fabricating Europe through standardisation
Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education.
2005 (English)In: VII International summer school of lifelong learning - Lifelong learning: inside and outside school. Learning and transformative spaces,2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article studies the rationalities of governing that makes it possible to govern higher education in Europe through a voluntarily process such as the Bologna process. 45 nations have signed it and try to accommodate to the ideas in it without anyone telling them they have to. Drawing on the foucaultian notion of governmentality official documents concerning the Bologna process, higher- and adult education on the European and Swedish levels are analysed. In the first part -planetspeak- discourses such as knowledge society, employability, lifelong learning, quality assurance and mobility are analysed. They create a configuration of thought that makes following the Bologna process a rational way to act. In the second part we analyse this process as a standardisation technique which creates a tension related to the idea of freedom. The narratives create exclusion; those nations who chose not to participate are created as -the other-, in need of remedy. In the third part we problematize how these ideas mesh with, and challenge local ideas about education. Even though the narratives produced in Sweden to major parts seem to adapt to the process, there is a creation of the -specific- Swedish. It acts as a persuasive technique for implement the ideas in the Bologna declaration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Bologna process, higher education, Foucault, governmentality
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-28882Local ID: 14078OAI: diva2:249694
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09

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Fejes, Andreas
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Faculty of Educational SciencesStudies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education
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