Influence of fibrillin-1 genotype on the aortic stiffness in men
2005 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 99, no 3, 1036-1040 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aortic stiffness is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality. The mechanical properties of the arterial wall depend on the connective tissue framework, with variation in fibrillin-1 and collagen I genes being associated with aortic stiffness and/or pulse pressure elevation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether variation in fibrillin-1 genotype was associated with aortic stiffness in men. The mechanical properties of the abdominal aorta of 79 healthy men (range 28-81 yr) were investigated by ultrasonographic phase-locked echo tracking. Fibrillin-1 genotype, characterized by the variable tandem repeat in intron 28, and collagen type I alpha 1 genotype characterized by the 2,064 OT polymorphism, were determined by using DNA from peripheral blood cells. Three common fibrillin-1 genotypes, 2-2, 2-3, and 2-4, were observed in 50 (64%), 10 (13%), and 11 (14%) of the men, respectively. Those of 2-3 genotype had higher pressure strain elastic modulus and aortic stiffness compared with men of 2-2 or 2-4 genotype (P = 0.005). Pulse pressure also was increased in the 2-3 genotype (P = 0.04). There was no significant association between type 1 collagen genotype and aortic stiffness in this cohort. In conclusion, the fibrillin-1 2-3 genotype in men was associated with increased aortic stiffness and pulse pressure, indicative of an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Copyright © 2005 the American Physiological Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 99, no 3, 1036-1040 p.
blood pressure, collagen, elastin, mechanics
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29056DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00554.2004Local ID: 14310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-29056DiVA: diva2:249868