The case for intensive statin therapy after acute coronary syndromes
2005 (English)In: American Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0002-9149, Vol. 96, no 5 SUPPL.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) consist of unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction and are associated with a high risk of early recurrent ischemic events. Revascularization procedures do not modify underlying pathophysiology and only modestly reduce early ischemic events after an index episode of ACS. Although statins improve dyslipidemia and cardiovascular risk over the long term, efforts to identify new ACS treatments are focusing on the ability of statins to modify the arterial wall-blood interface and reduce the risk of early recurrent ischemic events. Statins have been shown to reduce circulating markers of inflammation within days of an acute ischemic event. Short-term statin therapy also has been associated with improved coronary endothelial function, reversal of prothrombotic states, and reduction in atherosclerotic plaque volume. Findings from 6 randomized, controlled intervention trials were evaluated to determine if risk reduction is associated with the intensity of statin therapy. In addition, the predictive ability of baseline lipid levels and inflammatory markers were examined. High-intensity statin therapy (atorvastatin 80 mg) reduced early recurrent ischemic events after ACS compared with moderate-intensity treatment (eg, pravastatin 40 mg) or placebo. Moderate-intensity regimens (simvastatin 40 mg, pravastatin 20 to 40 mg, fluvastatin 80 mg, cerivastatin 0.4 mg) provided minimal benefit compared with placebo. Although there was no apparent relation between low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels before or during randomized treatment and short-term (4-month) risk of recurrent events, the degree of LDL cholesterol reduction with statin treatment after ACS may be related to longer-term event reduction. Moreover, evidence suggests that anti-inflammatory effects of high-intensity statin treatment are associated with clinical benefit. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 96, no 5 SUPPL.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29374DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.06.026Local ID: 14706OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-29374DiVA: diva2:250188