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Sleep disturbances in patients with chronic heart failure and their holistic consequences-what different care actions can be implemented?
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Cardiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7431-2873
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, Vol. 4, no 3, 183-197 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Sleep disturbances are prevalent among elderly, especially among those with chronic heart failure (CHF) and can affect all dimensions of quality of life (QOL) negatively. Aim: To describe the most common causes leading to sleep disturbances in patients with CHF, their consequences from a holistic perspective and different care actions that can be implemented. Methods: MEDLINE and CINAHL databases were searched from 1989 to July 2004. Findings: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB), and insomnia were the most common causes for sleep disturbances and occurs in 45-82% (SDB) and one-third (insomnia) of all patients with CHF. SDB cause a disturbed sleep structure with frequent awakenings, as well as several adverse effects on the cardiovascular system causing increased morbidity and mortality. Insomnia, caused by anxiety, an unknown life situation in relation to the debut of CHF, or symptoms/deteriorations of CHF can lead to negative effects on all aspects of QOL, as well as daytime sleepiness. Conclusion: The high prevalence of sleep disturbances and their holistic consequences should be taken into account when nurses asses and plan the care for patients with CHF. Randomized studies with large sample sizes evaluating non-pharmacological nursing interventions that improve sleep are needed. © 2005 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 4, no 3, 183-197 p.
Keyword [en]
chronic heart failiure, sleep distrubances, sleep disordered breathing, insomnia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29723DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2005.04.005Local ID: 15120OAI: diva2:250540
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-09-18

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Broström, AndersJohansson, Peter
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