Evolution of the residual stress state in a duplex stainless steel during loading
1999 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 47, no 9, 2669-2684 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The evolution of micro- and macrostresses in a duplex stainless steel during loading has been investigated in situ by X-ray diffraction. A 1.5 mm cold-rolled sheet of alloy SAF 2304 solution treated at 1050°C was studied. Owing to differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion between the two phases, compressive residual microstresses were found in the ferritic phase and balancing tensile microstresses in the austenitic phase. The initial microstresses were almost two times higher in the transverse direction compared to the rolling direction. During loading the microstresses increase in the macroscopic elastic regime but start to decrease slightly with increasing load in the macroscopic plastic regime. For instance, the microstresses along the rolling direction in the austenite increase from 60 MPa, at zero applied load, to 110 MPa, at an applied load of 530 MPa. At the applied load of 620 MPa a decrease of the microstress to 90 MPa was observed. During unloading from the plastic regime the microstresses increase by approximately 35 MPa in the direction of applied load but remain constant in the other directions. The initial stress state influences the stress evolution and even after 2.5% plastic strain the main contribution to the microstresses originates from the initial thermal stresses. Finite element simulations show stress variations within one phase and a strong influence of both the elastic and plastic anisotropy of the individual phases on the simulated stress state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 1999. Vol. 47, no 9, 2669-2684 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30076DOI: 10.1016/S1359-6454(99)00149-4Local ID: 15539OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-30076DiVA: diva2:250897