Load sharing between austenite and ferrite in a duplex stainless steel during cyclic loading
2000 (English)In: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, ISSN 1073-5623, E-ISSN 1543-1940, Vol. 31, no 6, 1557-1570 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The load sharing between phases and the evolution of micro- and macrostresses during cyclic loading has been investigated in a 1.5-mm cold-rolled sheet of the duplex stainless steel SAF 2304. X-ray diffraction (XRD) stress analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) show that even if the hardness and yield strength are higher in the austenitic phase, more plastic deformation will occur in this phase due to the residual microstresses present in the material. The origin of the microstresses is the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion between the two phases, which leads to tensile microstresses in the austenite and compressive microstresses in the ferrite. The microstresses were also found to increase from 50 to 140 MPa in the austenite during the first 100 cycles when cycled in tension fatigue with a maximum load of 500 MPa. The cyclic loading response of the material was, thus, mainly controlled by the plastic properties of the austenitic phase. It was also found that initial compressive macrostresses on the surface increased from −40 to 50 MPa during the first 103 cycles. After the initial increase of microstresses and macrostresses, no fading of residual stresses was found to occur for the following cycles. A good correlation was found between the internal stress state and the microstructure evolution. The change in texture during cyclic fatigue showed a sharpening of the deformation texture in the ferritic phase, while no significant changes were found in the austenitic phase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SpringerLink , 2000. Vol. 31, no 6, 1557-1570 p.
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30134DOI: 10.1007/s11661-000-0166-3Local ID: 15614OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-30134DiVA: diva2:250955