On-line multi-analyzer monitoring of biomass, glucose and acetate for growth rate control of a Vibrio cholerae fed-batch cultivation
2005 (English)In: Journal of Biotechnology, ISSN 0168-1656, Vol. 115, no 1, 67-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In situ near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and in-line electronic nose (EN) mapping were used to monitor and control a cholera-toxin producing Vibrio cholerae fed-batch cultivation carried out with a laboratory method as well as with a production method. Prediction models for biomass, glucose and acetate using NIR spectroscopy were developed based on spectral identification and partial-least squares (PLS) regression resulting in high correlation to reference data (standard errors of prediction for biomass, glucose and acetate were 0.20 g l-1, 0.26 g l-1 and 0.28 g l-1). A compensation algorithm for aerated bioreactor disturbances was integrated in the model computation, which in particular improved the prediction by the biomass model. First, the NIR data were applied together with EN in-line data selected by principal component analysis (PCA) for generating a trajectory representation of the fed-batch cultivation. A correlation between the culture progression and EN signals was demonstrated, which proved to be beneficial in monitoring the culture quality. It was shown that a deviation from a normal cultivation behavior could easily be recognized and that the trajectory was able to alarm a bacterial contamination. Second, the NIR data indicated the potential of predicting the concentration of formed cholera toxin with a model prediction error of 0.020 g l-1. Third, the on-line biomass prediction based on the NIR model was used to control the overflow metabolism acetate formation of the V. cholerae culture. The controller compared actual specific growth rate as estimated from the prediction with the critical acetate formation growth rate, and from that difference adjusted the glucose feed rate. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 115, no 1, 67-79 p.
Multianalyzer monitoring, fed-batch cultivation
National CategoryNatural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30376DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2004.07.013Local ID: 15923OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-30376DiVA: diva2:251198