Large-scale mercury variations in Lake Vänern (Sweden) 1974-1998.
2001 (English)In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 75, 223-234 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Lake Vanern, the largest lake in Sweden, has been seriously contaminated with mercury during the 20th century. In the 1970's and 80's the direct load, mainly from a chlor-alkali industry in the area, of mercury was drastically reduced as a response to new legislation, from three to five tons down to between five and ten kg yr(-1). Large amounts of the disposed pollutant have accumulated in the sediments. The question posed in this work is now, is the effect of the drastic load reduction after more than two decades visible in the sediments? The question is relevant as large areas still are blacklisted for fishing, but also as a follow-up of a major remedy action. The lake also serves as a freshwater reservoir for even Sweden's second largest city. This work synthesises and compares data of mercury in the sediments from three major field programs, in 1974, 1984 and 1998. The interest is focused on both spatial heterogeneity and temporal trends. In 1974, the surface concentrations are significantly higher than in subsequent surveys. Significant differences are also found between 1984 and 1998. Significant spatial differences within the lake are found for respective year. The most contaminated area is located in the north, close to the major point source (a former chlor-alkali industry). This is also the area with the largest improvement, as a direct response to the reduction in load. Further from the outlet, the recovery is more affected by burial and transport processes out into the deeper basins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 75, 223-234 p.
deposition, Kruskal-Wallis test, mercury, sediment, spatial distribution, temporal trend, Tukey's multiple comparison test
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30605Local ID: 16196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-30605DiVA: diva2:251428