Immediately loaded implants supporting fixed prostheses in the edentulous maxilla: A preliminary clinical and radiologic report
2005 (English)In: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, ISSN 0882-2786, Vol. 20, no 3, 399-405 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: To evaluate the survival rate of immediately loaded ITI sand-blasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) solid-screw dental implants in the edentulous maxilla after 8 months of loading. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight patients (mean age 63 years) with edentulous maxillae each received 6 implants and 1 implant-supported fixed provisional prosthesis within 24 hours after surgery. After a mean healing time of 15 weeks, the patient received a definitive, screw-retained, implant-supported fixed prosthesis. A total of 168 implants were placed. Clinical parameters were registered after 1 month of loading with the implant-supported fixed prostheses as well as 8 months after implant place ment. Radiologic examinations and assessments were made at implant placement and after 8 months. Results: The mean marginal bone level at implant placement was 1.6 mm (range 0 to 5.1, SD 1.1) apical of the reference point (the implant shoulder). The mean marginal bone level at the 8-month follow-up was 3.2 mm (range 0.4 to 5.9, SD 1.1) apical of the reference point. Three implants failed during the healing period. Discussion: The improved results in the present study might be a result of the positive effect of splinting the implants immediately after placement Conclusion: ITI SLA solid-screw implants immediately loaded (ie, loaded within 24 hours of placement) and supporting fixed prostheses had successful survival rates after 8 months. The present results constitute a solid base line for future follow-up studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 20, no 3, 399-405 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31090Local ID: 16820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31090DiVA: diva2:251913