Gut microflora associated characteristics in children with celiac disease
2005 (English)In: American Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0002-9270, Vol. 100, no 12, 2784-2788 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the metabolic function of intestinal microflora in children with celiac disease (CD) in order to find out if there is a deviant gut flora in CD patients compared to healthy controls. METHODS: The study group comprised children with CD, consecutively diagnosed according to current criteria given by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. Thirty-six children were studied at presentation, i.e., on a normal gluten-containing diet, with clinical symptoms and signs indicative of CD, positive celiac serology markers, and a small bowel biopsy showing severe enteropathy. Forty-seven patients were studied when they had been on a gluten-free diet (GFD) for at least 3 months. For comparison, a group of 42 healthy controls (HC) were studied. The functional status of the intestinal microflora was evaluated by gas-liquid chromatography of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in fecal samples. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between untreated CD children and HC as well as between treated CD children and HC regarding acetic, i-butyric, i-valeric acid, and total SCFAs. The propionic and n-valeric acids differed significantly between CD children on GFD and HC. Moreover, there was a strong correlation between i-butyric and i-valeric acids in all study groups. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of the SCFA pattern in fecal samples from children with CD. The results indicate that there is a difference in the metabolic activity of intestinal microbial flora in children with CD compared to that in HC. The finding of a different pattern of some SCFAs in celiacs both at presentation and during treatment with GFD indicates that it is a genuine phenomenon of CD not affected by either the diet, the inflammation, or the autoimmune status of the patient. © 2005 by Am. Coll. of Gastroenterology Published by Blackwell Publishing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 100, no 12, 2784-2788 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31190DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2005.00313.xLocal ID: 16932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31190DiVA: diva2:252013