Treatment of tinnitus in the elderly: A controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy
2005 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, Vol. 44, no 11, 671-675 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in elderly people with tinnitus (<65 years). Thirty-seven patients were called in for a structured interview. Following exclusion, twenty-three participated in the trial. All participants underwent medical ear, nose, and throat (ENT) examination, audiometry, and tinnitus matchings. A randomized controlled design with a waiting list control group was used. A CBT treatment package was delivered in six weekly two hour group sessions. Outcome was measured using validated self-report inventories and daily diary ratings of annoyance, loudness and sleep quality for one week pre-treatment, post-treatment. A three month follow-up was included at which time all participants had received treatment, but in a shorter format for the control group. Results showed statistically significant reductions of tinnitus-related distress. Thus, CBT was better than no treatment, but the particular aspects of CBT that contributed to the effects can not be established. In conclusion, the findings give some support for the use of group CBT for elderly people with tinnitus. © 2005 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 44, no 11, 671-675 p.
tinnitus, elderly, cognitive behavioural therapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31274DOI: 10.1080/14992020500266720Local ID: 17034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31274DiVA: diva2:252097