Stroop interference for food- and body-related words: A meta-analysis
2005 (English)In: Eating Behaviors, ISSN 1471-0153, Vol. 6, no 3, 271-281 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
According to cognitive theories of eating disorders, biased information processing in favour of dysfunctional attitudes about food and body appearance plays a vital role in the development and maintenance of such disorders. Data from 27 studies evaluating Stroop interference for food- and body-related words with negative overtones were included in a meta-analysis in order to investigate whether such processing biases are specific to eating disordered samples. Participants were females characterised as eating disordered, non-eating disordered but nevertheless over-concerned with body appearance and eating, and normal controls. Mean Stroop interference for eating disordered females was of medium effect size (Cohen's d=0.48) and significantly larger than for both non-eating disordered females concerned with body appearance and eating, and normal control females (both d=0.21). Stroop interference for eating disordered females was thus of fairly modest magnitude where it was unclear whether such interference is specific to this sample. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 6, no 3, 271-281 p.
cognitive bias, stroop, eating disorders
National CategorySocial Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31285DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2004.11.001Local ID: 17047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31285DiVA: diva2:252108