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Swedish tribalism and Tanzanian agency: preconditions for trust and cooperation in a small-business context
Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Small-business cooperation has increasingly been recognized as important for economic development, not only in Sweden but also in developing countries like Tanzania. This dissertation deals with preconditions for horizontal small-business cooperation, taking a point of departure in the literature on trust. The context dependence of these issues is acknowledged by identifying influential rules of the game in two different settings.

The dissertation is based on two separate studies of a longitudinal character, one in Sweden and one in Tanzania. Male and female small-business owners were interviewed and observed during meetings and seminars. A detailed account of cooperative endeavors in each of the two countries is first presented and based on that a comparative analysis is conducted. Not only differences, but also interesting similarities, between the Swedish and the Tanzanian context are identified. Constraints resembling tribal conflict were not exclusive to Tanzania and individual efforts (agency) in Tanzania enabled trust and cooperation despite severe institutional constraints. Based on the studies, a conceptual framework and a metaphor of preconditions for trust and cooperation are developed. Finally, implications with regard to how smallbusiness cooperation could be supported are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2002. , 325 p.
Linköping Studies in Management and Economics. Dissertations, ISSN 0347-8920 ; 58
Keyword [en]
Trust, cooperation, small business, Tanzania, business development, indigenous institutions, the rules of the game
Keyword [sv]
Samarbete, Sverige, Tanzania, Småföretag, Företagssamarbete
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31338Local ID: 17102ISBN: 91-7373-449-7OAI: diva2:252161
Public defence
2002-10-25, Sal A2, Hus A, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2014-08-28Bibliographically approved

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Tillmar, Malin
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Business AdministrationFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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