Inhalation injury assessed by score does not contribute to the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome in burn victims
2005 (English)In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, Vol. 31, no 3, 263-268 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To establish the incidence, mortality, and time of onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in relation to extent of burn and inhalation injury in patients who required mechanical ventilation. Design: Data about burn and inhalation injury were recorded prospectively whereas ARDS and multiple organ dysfunction were assessed by review of patient charts. Setting: National burn intensive care unit at Linköping University Hospital, Sweden (a tertiary referral hospital). Patients: Between 1993 and 1999, we studied all patients with thermal injury (n = 553) who required mechanical ventilation for more than two days (n = 91). Measurements and results: Out of the thirty-six burn victims who developed ARDS (40%), 25 (70%) did so early post burn (in less than 6 days). Patients with ARDS had higher multiple organ dysfunction scores (mean 10.5) than those who did not develop ARDS (mean 5.6) (p < 0.01). The probable presence of inhalation injury as assessed by an inhalation lung injury score (ILIS) did not contribute to the development of ARDS. Mortality tended to be higher in patients who developed ARDS (14%) compared to those who did not (6%, p = 0.2). Conclusions: In our burn patients the incidence of ARDS was high whereas mortality was low. We found no association between inhalation injury as assessed using the ILIS and development of ARDS. Our data support a multi-factorial origin of ARDS in burn victims as a part of a multiple organ failure event. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 31, no 3, 263-268 p.
burns, smoke inhalation injury, respiratory distress syndrome, acute, ventilation, mechanical, multiple organ failure
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31549DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2004.11.003Local ID: 17350OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31549DiVA: diva2:252372