The long-term cost-effectiveness of clopidogrel plus aspirin in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in Sweden
2005 (English)In: Clinical Therapeutics, ISSN 0149-2918, Vol. 27, no 1, 100-110 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The Percutaneous CoronaryIntervention-Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (PCI-CURE) study, which examined the effect of adding clopidogrel to aspirin versus aspirin alone in patients with unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing PCI, found a relative risk reduction in cardiovascular deaths and myocardial infarction among those treated with clopidogrel. In addition, a within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis showed favorable costs per event avoided. However, to estimate the long-term effects, a modeling approach is necessary. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimatethe long-term cost-effectiveness of treating patients undergoing PCI with clopidogrel plus aspirin in Sweden. Methods: A Markov model was developed. Transitionprobabilities were estimated based on a register of patients treated in the coronary care units at 74 (out of 78) hospitals throughout Sweden. Patients were assumed to be treated for 1 year with an effect based on data from the PCI-CURE study. Costs were collected from published sources and recalculated to year-2004 euros (1.00 = US $1.24). Life-years gained were used as the measure of effectiveness. The perspective was that of the Swedish society, with a separate analysis using a health care cost perspective. Results: After inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 3474 patients were included in the model analysis. The model predicted a net gain in survival of 0.04 year per patient when adding clopidogrel. This yielded a net increase of 449 if only direct costs were included, with indirect costs, the net increase was 332. The resulting cost-effectiveness ratios were €10,993 and 8127 per life-year gained. Conclusions: The predicted cost-effectiveness ratios were well below the threshold values generally considered cost-effective. Adding clopidogrel to aspirin appeared to be cost-effective in this model analysis of patients with unstable CAD undergoing PCI in Sweden. Copyright © 2005 Excerpta Medica, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 27, no 1, 100-110 p.
clopidogrel, decision analysis, economic evaluation, Sweden
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31562DOI: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2005.01.008Local ID: 17363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31562DiVA: diva2:252385