A microdialysis technique for routine measurement of macromolecules in the injured human brain
2005 (English)In: Neurosurgery, ISSN 0148-396X, Vol. 56, no 6, 1264-1268 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new intracerebral microdialysis catheter with a high-cutoff membrane and its potential for the study of macromolecules in the human brain. METHODS: Paired intracerebral microdialysis catheters were inserted in 10 patients who became comatose after subarachnoid hemorrhage or traumatic brain injury and were then treated in our neurosurgical unit. The only differences from the routine use of microdialysis in our clinic were the length (20 mm) and cutoff properties of the catheter membranes (100 kD) and the perfusion fluids used (standard perfusion fluid, 3.5% albumin, or Ringer-dextran 60). Samples were weighed (for net fluid fluxes) and analyzed at bedside (for routine metabolites) and later in the laboratory (for total protein and interleukin-6). The in vitro recovery of glucose, glutamate, and glycerol were also investigated under different conditions. RESULTS: Even brief perfusion with standard perfusion fluid resulted in a significant loss of volume from the microdialysis system. For albumin and Ringer-dextran 60 fluid, recovery was comparable to standard settings. Interleukin-6 (highest value close to 25,000 pg/ml) was sampled from all catheters, and total protein was analyzed from catheters perfused with Ringer-dextran 60 (average concentration, 234 μg protein/ml). There were detectable patterns of variations in the concentration of interleukin-6, seemingly related to concomitant variations in intracerebral conditions. In the present study, no direct comparison was made with the standard CMA 70 catheter (CMA Microdialysis, Stockholm, Sweden), but in vivo, the measured mean concentrations of glucose, glycerol, lactate, and pyruvate were comparable to those previously reported from standard catheters. In vitro, the recovery of metabolites was better when using Ringer-dextran 60 compared with albumin. CONCLUSION: Microdialysis catheters with high-cutoff membranes can be used in routine clinical practice, allowing for sampling and analysis of cytokines and other macromolecules.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 56, no 6, 1264-1268 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31879DOI: 10.1227/01.NEU.0000159711.93592.8DLocal ID: 17707OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-31879DiVA: diva2:252702