Interfacial properties of photovoltaic TiO2/dye/PEDOT–PSS heterojunctions
2005 (English)In: Synthetic metals, ISSN 0379-6779, Vol. 149, no 2-3, 157-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Systems comprising a dense TiO2 film electrode, a ruthenium polypyridine dye and a PEDOT–PSS (poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)–poly(4-styrenesulphonate)) film were prepared. The heterojunctions were shown to have photovoltaic properties, with the dye absorbing the light, the TiO2 acting as an electron conducting material and PEDOT–PSS acting as a hole transport material. A series of dyes was used to investigate their influence on the photocurrent and the photovoltage characteristics of the heterojunction. These results were compared to a photoelectrochemical system in which the PEDOT–PSS was replaced by a liquid electrolyte containing triiodide/iodide redox-couple.
Photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) was used to monitor the interfacial properties of the heterojunction and the investigation points out effects of importance when assembling the materials together to a functional unit. Specifically, it was concluded that the interaction with the dye clearly affects the structure of PEDOT–PSS, both with respect to the surface composition of PSS relative to PEDOT and with respect to the chemical state of the sulphur in the polymers. Moreover, a comparison of the Ru3d and the valence band spectra of the two different interfaces (dye/TiO2 and dye/PEDOT–PSS) indicates that the energy level structure of the dyes compared to the substrate is different for the two surfaces. Thus, in the combined energy level picture under dark conditions, the energy levels in TiO2 relative to the energy levels in PEDOT–PSS depend on the dye.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 149, no 2-3, 157-167 p.
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32271DOI: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2004.12.004Local ID: 18159OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-32271DiVA: diva2:253093