Economic evaluation of screening for prostate cancer: a randomized populaionbased programme during a 10 year period in Sweden
1998 (English)In: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, Vol. 45, no 2, 133-147 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prostate cancer is a growing health problem representing considerable costs. Screening and early curative treatment may reduce morbidity and possibly prevent future escalating costs. However, population screening programmes are generally not well accepted at present due to uncerainty about whether screening for prostate cancer can result in reduced mortality. Evidence from large, randomized, controlled trials is still lacking. The objective of this study was to calculate clinical and economic consequences of general prostate cancer screening based on a limited screening trial in a Swedish community and a decision-tree model. A random selection of 1492 men (50–69 years) were invited to repeated screening in 1987. They have been examined every third year (four rounds). The other 7679 men in the population act as controls. The results show that the total incremental health care costs for prostate cacer will increase by 179 million SEK per year with screening compared to no-screening. The number of detected cases of localized cancer will increase by about 1000, which represents an additional cost of about 158 000 SEK per case. In conclusion, general screening for prostate cancer can be performed with a reasonable cost per detected localized cancer. Information on the long-term effect on life quality and cancer mortality is unknown.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 45, no 2, 133-147 p.
National CategorySocial Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32386DOI: 10.1016/S0168-8510(98)00037-2Local ID: 18286OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-32386DiVA: diva2:253208