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Inter-organizational Issues in ICT, GIS and GSD - Mapping Swedish Emergency Management at the Local and Regional Level
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, GIS - Geographical Information Science Group. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, GIS - Geographical Information Science Group. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) / [ed] Van de Walle, B. & Carlé, B., Tilburg, Netherlands: Tilburg University , 2005, 75-82 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Inter-organizational issues are very challenging in emergency management (EM). In this paper, aspects of information and communication technologies (ICT), geographical information systems (GIS) and geospatial data (GSD) in the Swedish EM system, an EM system involving a large number of EM organizations, are reported based on a case study. The issues concerned include separated ICT & GIS development between organizations and formation of technological coalitions, problems of identification and access of GSD, located through the large number organizations, as well as uncoordinated launching of web-based GIS service. Possible implications of this situation for command and control are discussed. Additionally, areas for further research are suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tilburg, Netherlands: Tilburg University , 2005. 75-82 p.
Keyword [en]
Emergency management, ICT, GIS, inter-organizational cooperation, geospatial data exchange, services
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32464Local ID: 18370ISBN: 90-7697-109-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-32464DiVA: diva2:253286
Conference
2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM), Brussels, Belgium. April 18-20 2005.
Note

Mike Meleshkin Award for best ISCRAM 2005 PhD student paper received.

Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-12-10
In thesis
1. Prerequisites for data sharing in emergency management: joint analysis using a real-time role-playing exercise approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prerequisites for data sharing in emergency management: joint analysis using a real-time role-playing exercise approach
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explains how semi-coordinated or separated utilization of information and communication technologies may affect collaborative work between different emergency management organizations, and their capabilities to perform joint tasks during emergency responses. Another aim is to explore the modeling of emergency management and data collection methods with respect to utilization of these technologies.

The theoretical basis for the thesis consists of system science, cognitive system engineering, communication, informatics, simulation, emergency management, and command and control. Important notions are the joint cognitive systems concept and the communication infrastructure concept. The case study method and the real-time role-playing exercise approach are the main methodological approaches.

On the basis of two main studies, geospatial data and related systems are studied as an example. Study I focuses on emergency management organizations' abilities to collaborate effectively by assessing their communication infrastructure. Study II, on the other hand, highlights the emerging effects in use of data in collaborative work when responding to a forest fire scenario.

The results from the studies, and from the general work conducted and presented here, show that the semi-coordinated or separated utilization of the technologies affects (a) how well the organizations can collaborate, (b) the capabilities to carry out collaborative tasks during crises and disasters, and (c) to what extent the technology can be used in real-life situations. The results also show that the joint cognitive system notion and the real-time role-playing exercise approach provided new ways to conceptualize and study the emergency management and the command and control system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2007. 80 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1293
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37896 (URN)40349 (Local ID)978-91-85715-93-0 (ISBN)40349 (Archive number)40349 (OAI)
Presentation
2007-03-13, Alan Turing, Hus E, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-10

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Trnka, JiriSivertun, Åke

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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