Delaktighet, demokrati och organisationsförändring i skilda verkligheter: en kritisk ansats
1999 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
The aim of this study was to investigate the meaning and use of the concept of participation in a municipal process of organizational change in the early 1990-s. The aim of the organizational change was to reform the' entire public administration in Sweden in to management by objectives (millstyrning). The main question in this study is to sort out what kind of ideological content the concept of participation is carrying in two settings, the literature about management of objectives and its manifestation in the municipal organizational change. This thesis is based on two different studies, one theoretical study and one empirical phenomenographic study. The theoretical study investigates the meaning of the concept of participation in earlier research and its relations to other contextually important concepts such as democracy, management by objectives, effectiveness and also different theories of democracy. This study reveals that management by objectives is to be understood as carrying neoliberalistic ideology in its conception of participation. The empirical study originally aimed to try to describe conceptions of participation among employees in the process of municipal organizational change. In this thesis the results and data is reanalyzed with critical theory and consequently this thesis is primarily theoretical. The critical perspective put to use in this study is constructed from critical theory (Frankfurt school) and especially Jürgen Habermas. This thesis also discusses different conceptions of participation derived from an interpretative process between Habermas communicative action theory and empirical results from the phenomenographic study. The results shows that the commonly used definition of participation in research literature, referred to as participation in decision making (PDM), in it self creates hierarchy and conceal another important conception of participation, namely the horizontal participation. Hierarchical participation can be understood as originating from horizontal participation and vice versa in an organization.
In sum this thesis outlines a few interesting results about the ideological meaning of participation in organizational structures and it suggest a conceptual framework of vertical and horizontal participation as a means to give a new set of possible and reasonable interpretations on the phenomenon of participation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköpings universitet: Institutionen för pedagogik och psykologi , 1999. , 200 p.
FiF-avhandling - Filosofiska fakulteten – Linköpings universitet, ISSN 1401-4637 ; 29
, Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och psykologi, ISSN 1404-8183 ; 215
Delaktighet, arbetsliv, organisation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32605Local ID: 18520ISBN: 91-7219-598-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-32605DiVA: diva2:253428