Electric current rectification by an all-organic electrochemical device
2002 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 81, 2011-2013 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An all-organic printed electrochemical rectifier is reported. The device is based on a patterned layer of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) that interfaces a patterned electrolyte top layer. Overlap between the electrolyte layer and the conducting polymer pattern results in the formation of two electrochemically active areas within the conducting polymer pattern. When bias voltage is applied across the conducting polymer pattern, the PEDOT in the negatively biased areas is reduced electrochemically, while the PEDOT in the positively biased area is further oxidized. Reducing PEDOT from its p-doped, pristine state to the neutral state results in a marked loss of electrical conductivity. Due to the unsymmetrical device geometry, the current through the device may be shut off for one polarity of applied bias voltage with an electrical current rectification ratio of 100 compared to the opposite polarity. The output characteristics of a corresponding half wave rectifier as well as those from a full wave bridge rectifier show stable performance at frequencies below 15 Hz.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 81, 2011-2013 p.
rectification; conducting polymers; electrolytes; electrochemical devices; oxidation; organic semiconductors; semiconductor-electrolyte boundaries
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32681DOI: 10.1063/1.1506785Local ID: 18601OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-32681DiVA: diva2:253504