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Questioning to learn and learning to question: Structure and function of PBL scenarios in environmental science education.
Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5066-8728
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
2000 (English)In: Second International Conference on Problem-Based Learning in Higher Education,2000, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In problem-based learning, scenarios relating to real life are used as a point of departure for the learning process. Even though the importance of suitable cases or scenarios to bring about a fruitful learning process is emphasised in the literature, few studies focus on how they actually function in the learning process. This study focuses on how the scenarios used in a ten-week introductory course of a new four-year, undergraduate programme in environmental science functioned in terms of the structure and content of the questions they evoked. Data were gathered through diary notes from nine groups of students, comprising 5-8 students per group. The data were subjected to a qualitative analysis aimed at describing the structure and content of the questions generated by the groups. Five different kinds of questions were identified and labelled; A. Encyclopaedic, B. Meaning-oriented, C. Relational, D. Value-oriented and E. Solution-oriented.  All scenarios generated questions pertaining to all five categories in all groups, but the emphasis varied. The results are discussed in relation to the design of scenarios, and in relation to students’ approaches to learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Problem based learning, scenarios, questions, questioning patterns, learning process, qualitative analysis
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32761Local ID: 18689OAI: diva2:253584
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-09-03

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Abrandt Dahlgren, MadeleineÖberg, Gunilla
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