Programmable and Tunable Circuits for Flexible RF Front Ends
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Most of today’s microwave circuits are designed for specific function and specialneed. There is a growing trend to have flexible and reconfigurable circuits. Circuitsthat can be digitally programmed to achieve various functions based on specific needs. Realization of high frequency circuit blocks that can be dynamically reconfigured toachieve the desired performance seems to be challenging. However, with recentadvances in many areas of technology these demands can now be met.
Two concepts have been investigated in this thesis. The initial part presents thefeasibility of a flexible and programmable circuit (PROMFA) that can be utilized formultifunctional systems operating at microwave frequencies. Design details andPROMFA implementation is presented. This concept is based on an array of genericcells, which consists of a matrix of analog building blocks that can be dynamicallyreconfigured. Either each matrix element can be programmed independently or severalelements can be programmed collectively to achieve a specific function. The PROMFA circuit can therefore realize more complex functions, such as filters oroscillators. Realization of a flexible RF circuit based on generic cells is a new concept.In order to validate the idea, a test chip has been fabricated in a 0.2μm GaAs process, ED02AH from OMMICTM. Simulated and measured results are presented along withsome key applications like implementation of a widely tunable band pass filter and anactive corporate feed network.
The later part of the thesis covers the design and implementation of tunable andwideband highly linear LNAs that can be very useful for multistandard terminals suchas software defined radio (SDR). One of the key components in the design of a flexibleradio is low noise amplifier (LNA). Considering a multimode and multiband radiofront end, the LNA must provide adequate performance within a large frequency band.Optimization of LNA performance for a single frequency band is not suitable for thisapplication. There are two possible solutions for multiband and multimode radio frontends (a) Narrowband tunable LNAs (b) Wideband highly linear LNAs. A dual bandtunable LNA MMIC has been fabricated in 0.2μm GaAs process. A self tuningtechnique has also been proposed for the optimization of this LNA. This thesis alsopresents the design of a novel highly linear current mode LNA that can be used forwideband RF front ends for multistandard applications. Technology process for thiscircuit is 90nm CMOS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2008. , 120 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1379
Microwave circuits, phase shifters, programmable circuits, active corporate feed network, four-port circuit, generic cells, phase shift capability, programmable microwave function array, tunable recursive filter
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14864Local ID: LiU-TEK-LIC-2008:37ISBN: 978-91-7393-815-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14864DiVA: diva2:25376
2008-09-12, Glashuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Gunnarsson, Sten, Dr.
Ouacha, Aziz , Professor
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